Holmes is balding
in J. Frank Wiles's illustration from The Valley of Fear
Others, such as the American illustrator Frederic
Dorr Steele, who based his Holmes on William Gillette, also created
a compelling vision of the detective and his world. Holmes usually
remained tall and thin, but not always young or handsome.
Holmes and Watson were well-represented on the radio, too. See "The
Sherlock Society of London" website for a list of radio plays (including
some stories not written by Conan Doyle) that can be downloaded
in MP3 format: www.sherlock-holmes.org.uk/radio.php.
Later radio versions with John Gielgud as Holmes, Ralph Richardson
as Watson, and Orson Welles as Professor Moriarty, can be found
on the "Valley of Fear" website: www.cambridge-explorer.org.uk/HBWEB/VV341/JG-RR-Home.htm
(ed. Hugo Brown).
Holmes in Film
During Conan Doyle's lifetime, silent film versions of the Sherlock
Holmes stories were made in England and the U.S. In the U.S, John
Barrymore played Holmes in a film based on one of Gillette's stage
plays, and British actor Ellie Norwood played Holmes in 47 silent
films between 1920 and 1923. Typing "Sherlock Holmes" into the search
engine of the "Internet Movie Database" at www.imdb.com
will retrieve hundreds of titles, including drama, comedy, pastiche,
cartoons, and all sorts of other stories that borrow the characters
of Holmes and Watson.
"Gaslight on the Web" contains links to a photo gallery of some
of the many actors who played Sherlock Holmes on the stage and in
(ed. Tom Bayne). "Sherlockian.net" also maintains links to sites
about actors who portrayed Sherlock Holmes on radio, TV, film, and
(ed. Chris Redmond).
The two best-known Holmes of our time are probably Basil Rathbone
and Jeremy Brett. Rathbone played Holmes alongside Nigel Bruce,
as a rather doddering Watson, in 14 films between 1939 and 1946;
some were filmed adaptations of Conan Doyle's stories, while others
used newly created plots. In the 1980's, Jeremy Brett acted opposite
two excellent Watsons, David Burke and Edward Hardwicke, in 36 episodes
and four films produced by Granada Television in England and shown
on PBS. Most are available on DVD.